Faye Schulman was a Jewish partisan photographer who courageously fought against 

Nazis with both a gun and a camera. She was the only photographer to document resistance efforts in Eastern Europe during World War II.

Faigel “Faye” Lazebnik Schulman was born on November 28th, 1919, in the Eastern Poland city of Lenin (a town that’s in modern-day Western Belarus).

Faye’s brother Moishe was a photographer, and he taught her the skills of shooting 

photos, developing film, and making prints.

When the Nazis invaded the area in 1941, 1,850 of the Jews in the town were rounded up 

in a ghetto except for six “useful Jews” that included a tailor, a carpenter, and 

a photographer. That photographer was Schulman.

The following year, on August 14th, 1942, the Nazis killed all 1,850 Jews living in

 the ghetto, including Schulman’s family. Schulman was one of just 26 people spared 

that day due to her skills as a photographer, J. reports.

“After the killing, I continued to work as a photographer for them and I was hoping

 maybe there will be somehow a way how I could escape and I could join the Partisans,” Schulman says. “I could have escaped when the people were alive. But if I would

 have escaped, the whole family would be killed, another 50 people.”

Schulman was working as a photographer for the Nazis when she was given film of the massacre to develop. While working with the photos, Schulman was horrified to find 

photos of her own murdered family in the mass graves, and this steeled her resolve to

 join the partisans.

Schulman spoke about this memory in this interview she gave some years ago:

“[T]hey brought me again the films to develop and […] in one of the films I 

noticed this is the trenches where my family is,” she says. “[T]his picture is the 

exact […] trench where my family is shot — my father, my mother, my 2 sisters, 

my sister’s 2 children and the husband, and my 2 younger brothers and they’re all 

shot all in those 3 trenches and they covered up […]”

“I knew what’s going on and can you imagine how painful it was when I helped. 

[…] [W]hen I developed the film, I made the positives and I made a few copies for 

myself and that’s how I saved the real pictures where my family’s killed in our town.”

When partisans raided the area, Schulman fled into the forest and joined a partisan 

group called the Molotava Brigade. She served in this group as a nurse for a couple of 


When the group raided Lenin again, Schulman managed to recover her old 

camera equipment, and this is when she began documenting the resistance effort

 she was involved in.

“During the next two years, she took over a hundred photographs, developing the

 medium format negatives under blankets and making “sun prints” during the

 day,” the Jewish Partisan Education Foundation writes

“On missions Faye buried the camera and tripod to keep it safe.

“Her photos show a rare side of partisan activity — one is a funeral scene where two 

Jewish partisans are being buried alongside Russian partisans, despite the intense antisemitism in the group. In another image, Schulman and three young Jewish men

 smile joyously after an unexpected reunion in the forest — each believing that the other 

had been killed.”

Schulman showed and talked about the camera she used in this interview she gave:

“Here is my camera, the original camera that I have since 1939,” she states. “This 

camera I took pictures when the Russians occupied. I took pictures when the Nazis

 occupied and I took pictures in the Partisans. This camera was buried in the ground 

many times when I was in the Partisans and I were attacked and I was on assignment

 and many time I took it the camera out and it still works.

“And the same camera, all my pictures that I took was all with this particular camera.

 I would never like to part as long as I live with this camera. So many memories and

 so many stories and so many things happen and this camera has seen everything.”

Schulman was one of the only known Jewish partisan photographers who documented

 the valiant struggle.

“I want people to know that there was resistance,” she stated. “Jews did not go like

 sheep to the slaughter. I was a photographer. I have pictures. I have proof.”

After the war, in 1948, Schulman immigrated to Toronto, Canada, where she would

 live the rest of her life. Schulman passed away surrounded by family on April 24th in Toronto at the age of 101.

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